School, college or university?

中小學?學院?或是大學?

With so much choice, your perfect match isn’t far away

求學地點的選擇太多了,你一定可以找到最合適的學校!



How should you go about choosing from one of the fantastic schools, colleges and universities on offer in the UK? Think about whether you’d prefer the hustle and bustle of urban living or a quieter campus university. Would you be happier living solely among other students or getting out and about with locals in a large city?Let us help you find the place that’s best for you and your education.

英國各地有非常多的中小學、學院和大學供學生選擇,但是你該如何做出最適合自己的決定呢?想一想,你喜歡繁忙熱鬧的城市生活呢?還是恬靜的校園大學?希望周遭都是學生,還是想城市裡的當地居民生活在一起,哪一種生活方式會讓你比較快樂?讓我們幫助你找到最適合你和你的教育的求學地點吧!



Plain English

就是英語

If you want to improve your English skills, come to the UK. You can choose a school or college that specialises in language training for international students. Or, if you want to carry on studying once your English has improved, universities or colleges offer many different courses.

想加強英語能力的學生們,來英國吧!你可以選擇一所專攻國際學生英語訓練的語言學校或學院。或者,你想在英語能力改進後繼續進修的話,大學或學院都提供各種不同的課程讓你選擇。



Think about where you’d like to study. If your language skills are already quite good, try city living and practise your skills in shops and cafés, explore UK culture and mix with UK students. If you’re just starting to learn English, you might feel happier with other beginners in a language school in a smaller town.

仔細想想你究竟想在什麼樣的地方讀書。如果你的英語能力已經相當好了,你可以選擇位在城市的學校,這樣你就可以有很多機會在商店和咖啡館裡練習英語、探索了解英國文化,並且與英國學生打成一片。如果你的目的僅僅是學英語的話,那你可能就比較適合在小型城鎮的語言學校裡與其他語言學生一起讀書生活。



Ready, set, go

為大學教育做準備

If you’re starting before university level, you can choose from boarding schools, sixth-form colleges, tutorial colleges and further education colleges.

大學程度以下的教育有宿學校(boarding schools)、第六級學院(sixth-form colleges)、授課式學院(tutorial colleges)和擴充教育學院(further education colleges)。



Boarding schools

宿學校(Boarding schools

If you’re aged 19 or under, you can get an academic education (mostly GCSEs and A-levels in England, Northern Ireland and Wales; Highers and Advanced Highers in Scotland) at a private boarding school. They combine modern teaching methods and facilities with traditional values. Here, you’ll be living with students of all ages in boarding houses that have a family feel. This is ideal for younger students who are not used to being away from home. Find out more at www.isc.co.uk

19歲以下的學生可以就讀私立的寄宿學校(主要可以獲得英格蘭、北愛爾蘭和威爾斯的 GCSEs A-levels,和蘇格蘭的 Highers Advanced Highers等學歷資格)。寄宿學校結合了現代化教學方法和新穎的設備,是富有傳統價值和優美的學習環境。不同年齡的學生住在有家的氣氛的學生住宿裡,特別適合沒有離家獨立生活經驗的年幼學生。關於住宿學校的進一步資訊,請參考網站(www.isc.co.uk)。



Sixth-form and tutorial colleges

第六級學院(sixth-form colleges)和授課式學院(tutorial colleges

Are you between 16 and 19 and thinking ahead to university? You can choose a full-time academic course at a sixth-form college or tutorial college, where the focus is on A-levels and on preparing for university. These colleges are run more like schools than a university, so you might be expected to remain on-site for set hours. You’ll have the option of living in a shared house with other students, a residential house similar to those at boarding schools or a homestay.For more information, goto www.cife.org.uk orwww.hostuk.org

你是年齡介於1619歲,想繼續讀大學的學生嗎?那你可以選擇第六級學院授課式學院,這些學校專門辦理 A-levels程度的課程,為學生做好進入大學的準備。 這些學校的環境和中小學(schools)比較類似,與大學的差別較大,例如學生在特定時間內不得離開學校。但學生可以選擇於其他學生合租公寓,或是住在類似寄宿學校的校內學生宿舍大樓,另外還有寄宿家庭可供選擇。 詳情請參考 www.cife.org.uk or www.hostuk.org



Further education colleges

擴充教育學院(Further education colleges

For a more relaxed and informal environment, many students aged 16 or over, including mature students, choose a state sector further education (FE) college. It might be a college of technology, a city college or a regional college – the names vary. FE colleges offer career-based courses such as BTECs and NVQs, and often have fantastic links with local industry. Most also offer GCSEs and A-levels, as well as university access and foundation courses.

學生也可以選擇氣氛比較輕鬆自由的公立擴充教育學院(FE)。擴充教育學院的學生年級都在16歲以上,其中包括年齡較長的成熟學生。這些學校名稱各異,或稱技術學院(college of technology)、城市學院(city college)或地區學院(regional college),或者僅稱為學院(college)。 辦理的課程主要是以職業為導向的課程,如 BTECs NVQs,而且學校通常與業界有很好的合作關係。多數擴充教育學院同時也提供 GCSEs A-levels課程,以及大學銜接和基礎課程。



There are a number of routes into higher education from a FE college. You could take A-levels, a BTEC National Diploma or a one-year foundation course, then transfer to a university to do an undergraduate degree. Many FE colleges offer at least some level of higher education, so you could spend two years at an FE college getting an HND or Foundation Degree, then transfer to a university to complete your undergraduate degree. It might even be possible to study for a degree at the FE college itself. Some colleges also offer postgraduate diplomas.

從擴充教育學院繼續進入高等教育機構升學的途徑有好幾種,譬如說,你可以先在擴充教育學院上 A-levelsBTEC National Diploma,或是一年的基礎課程,然後再轉到其他大學攻讀三年的學位課程。很多擴充教育學院辦理部份高等教育課程,也可以在擴充教育學院讀兩年的 HND 或基礎學位(Foundation Degree),然後再轉到大學攻讀,繼續完成學位課程。你或許還可以直接在擴充教育學院攻讀學位課程, 有些擴充教育學院甚至還辦理研究所文憑課程。



Many colleges attract a large number of students from overseas and offer courses such as foundation year and pre-master’s programmes to help them prepare for undergraduate and postgraduate study. They usually provide student accommodation and welfare services at the start of the term too.

很多擴充教育學院都成功地招收了許多國際學生,並且針對他們的需要提供各種課程,如基礎課程和碩士預備課程等,協助學生通往大學或研究所教育做準備。這些學院通常在學期初時提供住宿和學生福利等各項服務。



On to a degree

在英國取得你的學位

If you want to study a degree or an equivalent qualification, there are over 130 higher education (HE) institutions to choose from that can award degrees in their own name. Each have different strengths, but whether you choose a university or a higher education college, you’ll be studying in a centre of excellent teaching and research activity.

如果你想在英國攻讀學位或類等的學歷資格德化,全英國共有130多所具備學位頒發權力的高等教育機構(HE)供你選擇。每所學府都有不同的有時,但是無論你選擇在大學或是高等教育學院進修,它們都將是優秀教硏的中心。



There are also more than 550 colleges and other institutions that don’t have degree- awarding power, but run courses leading to degrees. A lot of these organisations offer Higher National Certificates and Diplomas (HNC/HND) and Foundation Degrees.

另外還有550多所學院和教育機構不具獨立頒發學位的資格,但提供能通往學位的課程,這些學院中很多都提供高等教育證書和文憑( HNC/HND)和基礎學位課程。



Degrees, some Foundation Degreesand Diplomas of Higher Education are awarded either by the universities or FE institutions themselves. HNC/HNDs and some Foundation Degrees are awarded by the Edexcel Foundation in England, Northern Ireland and Wales. In Scotland, the SQA awards HNCs and HNDs. A clear list of UK institutions that are able to award recognised degrees can be found online atwww.dcsf.gov.uk/recognisedukdegrees

學位、部份基礎學位和高等教育文憑等是由大學或教育機構頒發的,但是高等國家文憑/證書HNC/D)和部份基礎學位則是由英格蘭、北愛爾蘭和威爾斯的 Edexcel Foundation 頒發,在蘇格蘭則由 SQA頒發 HNC HND 資格。關於有權獨立頒發受認可學位的英國學術機構名單,請參考網站 www.dcsf.gov.uk/recognisedukdegrees



Colleges of higher education

高等教育學院(Colleges of higher education

You’ll find a large range of courses and internationally recognised qualifications at colleges of higher education. They have research and specialist expertise, and are similar to universities.

高等教育學院提供範圍廣泛的各種課程和學歷資格,它們也具備研究和專業知識,與大學相似。



Most higher education colleges can’t award degrees in their own name, but many are allied with a university that can. If you visit a college’s website they will explain to you which university accredits any degrees they might offer. Colleges often offer education across several levels, including further education courses.

多數高等教育學院不具備獨立頒發學位的資格,因此很多都與具備此資格的大學結盟。你可以到這些學院的網站上查看,它們會解釋哪一所大學對它們所辦理的課程提供認證。 高等教育學院通常辦理各種不同程度的課程,包括擴充教育課程等。



Universities

大學

So you’ve decided on university, but which type? There are three basic types: campus, non-campus (civic) and collegiate. Your degree will be equally valid no matter which you choose.

好,你決定攻讀大學了,但是改讀哪一種大學呢?大學大致而言可以概括分為三類:校園大學(campus)、無校園大學(civic)和學院式大學(Collegiate)。因為他們頒發的學位具備同等效力,所以你可以自由選擇適合自己的種類。



Campus universities

校園型大學

At a campus university, you’ll have everything you need on one site. These tend to be newer universities that have all their facilities on a single, purpose-built campus, usually on the outskirts of a city. Your accommodation will be there, as will all the university departments, lecture halls, cafés, libraries, Students’ Union and sports facilities. There is also likely be a launderette, bookshop, post office, health centre, travel agency, places of worship, banks, a small supermarket – in other words, a complete community.

校園大學裡在同一個地方就擁有你所需要的所有設施,這些學校通常比較新,所有設施都位於一個經過規劃興建的校園裡,它們一般位於城市的邊緣地區。學生的住宿、系所大樓、教室講廳、圖書館、咖啡館、學生會和體育設施也在校園裡,校園裡很可能還有自助洗衣店、書店、郵局、保健中心、旅行社、宗教信仰膜拜祈禱的場所、銀行、小型超市等。換句話說,校園就是一個完整的社區。



Non-campus universities

校園大學

If you’re more independent and eager to mix with the local community, a non-campus (or civic) university with its buildings spread throughout a wide area of a town or city might suit you better. They are usually older than campus universities and have developed gradually over the years with departments in different locations. Some have halls of residence, but not all, so be prepared to travel between the university’s sites.

如果你的性格比較獨立,希望能參與地方社區的的話,那麼,一所建築分散在城市各個不同角落的非校園型大學可能就比較適合你。非校園型大學通常歷史比較悠久,因此多年來已經在各個不同地點發展興建出許多系所。有些學校有自己的學生宿舍,但不是所有大學都有,所以有時候學生需要在不同地點之間往返。



Collegiate universities

學院式大學(Collegiate

Some universities – particularly older ones such as the University of Cambridge, Durham University and the University of Oxford – are formed by a number of colleges. Each college acts as a mini-campus. You’ll be a member of a college that provides your accommodation, welfare services, entertainment, societies, libraries, canteens and bars, but you’ll study in a faculty with students from the other colleges.

有些大學由許多不同的學院共同組成,尤其是像劍橋、杜倫(Durham)和牛津等歷史非常悠久的大學。每個學院基本上就是一個小型的校園, 每位學生都是某個學院的成員, 學院照顧學生生活上的需要,如住宿、福利、娛樂和社團、圖書館、餐廳和酒吧等。即便如此,學生也會和來自不同學院的學生一起在各學術系所裡學習。



Work-based study

在職進修

If you already have your final career in mind, be it dentistry, accountancy or brand management, you many be able to take another approach to qualifying for the job. You can apply to a professional school or college or you can study while you work as a junior member of a firm.

如果你已經決定了自己選擇的行業了,無論是牙醫、會計、或是品牌管理,你可能可以由另一個途徑取得該行業所需的資格。比方說,你可以申請到專業學校或學院讀書,或者在留在公司一邊工作,一邊進修。



Often, these courses aren’t run by an academic institution but a professional organisation like the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors or the Chartered Institute of Marketing. Find out more about work-based study at www.prospects.ac.uk

通常學術機構不會提供在職進修的課程,而是由專業機構提供,通常是像皇家特許測量師學會(Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors)或特許行銷學會(Chartered Institute of Marketing)等專業組織。 詳情請參考 www.prospects.ac.uk



Stay at home

留在本國攻讀課程

You can even study a UK pre-university and university course without leaving home. See the section ‘Study in your own country’ on page XX for more information.

你當然也可以在自己的國家裡攻讀很多英國的課程,詳情請參考第xx頁的「在自己國家攻讀英國資格課程」章節。



FURTHER INFORMATIONAND WEB LINKS

延伸資料及網站



Education UK


Education UK


www.educationuk.org

www.educationuk.org



British Council Education Information Sheets

英國文化協會教育資訊

Learn English in the UK


在英國學英語

Choosing your independent school 


選擇私立學校

Choosing a foundation course


選擇基礎課程

Choosing your degree programme and institution


選擇學位課程和學校

www.educationuk.org/subjectfocus

www.educationuk.org/subjectfocus

www.learnenglish.org.uk

www.learnenglish.org.uk



Department for Innovation,

英國教育與創新技能部(Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills

Universities and Skills



www.dius.gov.uk

www.dius.gov.uk



Higher Education in England


英國高等教育處(Higher Education in England

www.aimhigher.ac.uk

www.aimhigher.ac.uk



Recognised UK degrees


認可的英國學位

www.dcsf.gov.uk/recognisedukdegrees

www.dcsf.gov.uk/recognisedukdegrees